Nascido Helmut Herzfeld

Nascido Helmut Herzfeld


“I lost my parents in 1899 and thereafter lived as an orphan with different families.”


John Heartfield managed to rise to a distinguished career as a graphic designer after a very challenging childhood, founding a publishing house, Malik-Verlag in 1917, with the renowned artist George Grosz, one of this publisher’s favorite artists.  Both resisted the anti-British sentiment bubbling in Germany before WWI, by Anglicizing their names.  In 1908, he studied art in Munich at the Royal Bavarian Arts and Crafts School.  Heartfield joined the German Communist Party (KPD) shortly thereafter.

In 1917, Heartfield became a member of Berlin Club Dada.  He later became active in the Dada movement, which informed much of his artwork, helping to organize the Erste Internationale Dada-Messe (First International Dada Fair) in Berlin in 1920. Dadaists were the young lions of the German art scene, provocateurs who disrupted public art gatherings and ridiculed the participants. In an interview with an English historian, Francis Klingender, Heartfield described Dada “as an effort to disturb the higher impulses of the intellect – the spiritual, mystical, and subjective – but only in order to get at the truth behind them.”


Dadaism - Art and Anti Art, Edited by Raoul Hausmann, John Heartfield, and George Grosz

Dadaism – Art and Anti Art, Edited by Raoul Hausmann, John Heartfield, and George Grosz


The Dada labeled traditional art ‘trivial and bourgeois.’ Heartfield was a member of a circle of German artistic titans that included Erwin PiscatorBertolt BrechtHannah Höch, and a host of others. Heartfield began his artistic career as a set designer. “Using Heartfield’s minimal props and stark stages, Brecht interrupted his plays at key junctures to have the audience to be part of the action and not to lose themselves in it.”


John Heartfield Stage Set Projection for Bertolt Brecht, 1951

John Heartfield Stage Set Production for Bertolt Brecht, 1951


Heartfield was dismissed from the Reichswehr Film Service for his political stridency, and founded Die Pleite, a satirical magazine with George Grosz. In the New York MoMa hangs a telling portrait by Grosz of Heartfield, entitled The Engineer Heartfield. (see below–last image)  He then met the pivotal playwright Bertolt Brecht in 1924, for whom he built many theatrical sets. Brecht became involved in the Weimar Republic Berlin, while his publication Die Pleite was critical of the movement up until the Third Reich, because the Reich ignored the constitutional requirements in 1933. Although the Republic had many positive accomplishments, improving the railway, reform the currency and tax policies, it blocked German war reparations and created unwanted borders.

Brecht produced many radical plays based on characters from Charlie Chaplin to G.B. Shaw, and collaborated with Kurt Weill, among others.  The “masterpiece” of the Brecht/Weill collaborations, Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny), caused an uproar when it premiered in 1930 in Leipzig, with Nazis in the audience protesting. The Brecht/Weill association was very influential to Heartfield.

Heartfield was prolific in his production of set-designs and book jackets.  His medium was photomontage, very political in nature and expressing criticism of the growing Nazi movement and particularly Hitler, about whom several of his most pointed montages were directed.  On Good Friday 1933, the SS broke into his apartment, Heartfield escaped by jumping from his balcony. He left Germany by walking over the Sudeten Mountains to Czechoslovakia, ultimately creating his most revered image to raise awareness of the Reich’s motto, Blood and Iron.


Poster by John Heartfield, Blut und Eisen

Poster by John Heartfield, Blut und Eisen (Blood and Iron)


Heartfield’s artistic output was abundant. His works appeared as covers for the Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung (AIZ, Workers’ Illustrated Newspaper) from 1929 to 1933. AIZ was a popular weekly with circulation that rivaled any magazine in Germany during the early 1930’s. During 1931, Heartfield’s photomontages were featured monthly on the AIZ cover, an important point, because most copies of the AIZ were sold at newsstands.




It was through rotogravure, an engraving process whereby pictures, designs, and words are engraved into the printing plate or printing cylinder – that Heartfield’s montages, in the form of posters, were distributed in the streets of Berlin in 1932 and 1933, gaining him wide exposure.




His photomontages satirizing Adolf Hitler and the Nazis employing subverted Nazi symbols, such as the swastika, in order to undermine their propaganda message. The term “Swastika” was originally the name for a hooked cross in Sanskrit, and swastikas have been found on artifacts, such as coins and pottery, from the ancient city of Troy.




With reference to the medieval torture instrument, the wheel, Heartfield skillfully adapted the swastika (often misused by the Nazis) to picture what was happening to the German people under the ‘guidance’ of Adolf Hitler and his cronies. Some might say that this image of suffering is somewhat generous to the German people, portraying them as the victims of Nazism but once Hitler had secured absolute power for himself and with no method of democratically – or governmentally – relieving him of his position (as was the case with Mussolini in Italy), then victims is exactly what they were.  Parenthetically, Putin is now removing all the references to Swastikas for upcoming commemoration of the victory over Germany in WWII.  Heartfield’s work was so graphic that it needed no translations.  “In his repeated uses of skulls, skeletons, swords and cannons, Heartfield can seem to belong to a peculiarly Germanic Visual tradition that starts with Dürer and Grunewald – a vein of realism so vehemently precise that it becomes macabre.” In addition, “except for Mussolini, many of the political figures pictured are obscure.” (source: The New York Times, May 3, 1991)

Mussolini was a detractor as well:

We have rejected the theory of the economic man, the Liberal theory, and we are, at the same time, emancipated from what we have heard said about work being a business. The economic man does not exist; the integral man, who is political, who is economic, who is religious, who is holy, who is combative, does exist. Fascism HAS BECOME formidable and needs only a Duce, a Fuehrer, an organizer, and a loosening of the purse strings of those who gain materially by its victory, to become the most powerful force threatening the Republic. (source: George Seldes; Sawdust Caesar, 1935)

This is what Heartfield strove against.




Once again, in 1938, Heartfield had to flee the Nazis in Czechoslovakia to England where he was interned as an enemy alien, and where his health deteriorated. He was released and allowed to remain, unlike his brother who had to flee to the United States. This led to scrutiny by the East German Secret Police (Stasi) upon his return to Berlin after the war, due to his length of time in England. He was unable to work as an artist and was denied health benefits. At the intervention of Bertolt Brecht, Heartfield was finally admitted to the Academy of the Arts in 1956. Although he subsequently produced some montages warning of the threat of nuclear war, he was never again as prolific as in his youth.


The Engineer Heartfield

The Engineer Heartfield, by George Grosz


On July 27, 1914 Mussolini wrote the decisive editorial of the time, under the startling headline, “Our Neutrality Must Be Absolute.”  It was more than an abrogation of Italy’s contract to fight with Germany and Austro-Hungary; it was a threat of revolution at home.  Again, the very issues Heartfield fought against.

Although the Tate Modern in London did a Heartfield retrospective in 2005, he remains a little known artist. Perhaps this Boulevardiers piece will help to put that right. Although a “blue plaque” commemorates Heartfield in London, something more substantive would be much appropriate for an artist of his stature.




Following his third wife Gertrud Heartfield’s death, Heartfield was buried in Berlin, and the East German Academy of the Arts took possession of all of Heartfield’s surviving works. When the West German Academy of the Arts absorbed the East German Academy, the Heartfield Archive was transferred with it.


More art, history, and personal ephemera can be found online at The Official John Heartfield Exhibition & Archive built and curated by John Heartfield’s grandson, John J. Heartfield.


Emancipation & Esteem

by Sally Steele

Juneteenth Flyer Musician

65th Annual SF Juneteenth Celebration Commemorates the 150th Anniversary

of the Emancipation Proclamation

“The Journey Continues”

Juneteenth, also known as Juneteenth Independence Day, Freedom Day, or Emancipation Day, is a holiday in the United States that commemorates the announcement of the abolition of slavery in the U.S. state of Texas in June 1865, and more generally the emancipation of African-American slaves throughout the Confederate South. Celebrated on June 19, the term is a portmanteau of June and nineteenth, and is recognized as a state holiday or special day of observance in most states.

Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration among African Americans across the country commemorating the announcement of the end of slavery in the United States. It has been an African American tradition since the late 19th century. Economic and cultural forces caused a decline in Juneteenth celebrations beginning in the early 20th century. The Depression forced many African Americans off farms and into the cities to find work. In these urban environments, employers were less eager to grant leaves to celebrate this date. July 4th was already established as an Independence Day Holiday, and a rise in patriotism among African Americans steered more toward this celebration. The Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s yielded both positive and negative results for the Juneteenth celebrations. While it pulled many of the African American youth away and into the struggle for racial equality, many linked these struggles to the historical struggles of their ancestors. Again in 1968, Juneteenth received another strong resurgence through the Poor Peoples March to Washington, D.C. Rev. Ralph Abernathy called for people of all races, creeds, economic levels and professions to come to Washington to show support for the poor. Many of these attendees returned home and initiated Juneteenth celebrations in areas previously absent of such activity. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s Juneteenth continued to enjoy a growing interest from communities and organizations throughout the country as African Americans have an interest to see that the events of 1865 in Texas are not forgotten. Many see roots tying back to Texas soil from which all remaining American slaves were finally granted their freedom.



Of course, California is unique, vital, and not like any other state. And San Francisco’s Juneteenth celebration is masterfully in the hands of Arnold Townsend, Chairman of the SF Juneteenth; Rachel Townsend is the SF Juneteenth Coordinator; and Shelly Tatum is Juneteenth Entertainment Producer.

This Boulevardier met Shelly in May, he gave me a ride downtown, San Francisco style. Shelly is a true Boulevardier, and an ebullient San Franciscan. Hence, this post! There’s only one Shelly and here is why, in his own words:

“I am an African American San Francisco native, born in the Bayview Hunter’s Point district. I have lived throughout this beautiful city where I still reside. In my community, and throughout the San Francisco Bay Area, I am liked, known and well respected.”

“I am a self-employed entrepreneur and have an urban online marketing company, Shelly Tatum Presents that reaches the African American demographic throughout Northern California. My online network team connects with over a million people nationwide.  I’ve promoted concerts and special events throughout San Francisco and the Bay Area. I was also the first to bring hip-hop concerts to San Francisco, and the first African American to rent out the San Francisco Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall to co-produce the first jazz concert. I have advertised for major concert and Theatre companies such as Live Nation, AEG Live, SHN, A.C.T., Tyler Perry and others. My online marketing network has helped raise campaign funds for local, state, and federal elected officials.”


The one & only Shelly Tatum, photograph by Ruth “Stormy” Jordan


The relationship between Juneteenth and the City of San Francisco dates back to 1951, Dr. Wesley Johnson Sr. invited the Bay Area’s African American community to celebrate a June 19th celebration at the Texas playhouse on Fillmore Street, a popular lounge he owned.  The first parade was led by Johnson and the former San Francisco Mayor Willie L. Brown Jr.  At that first parade, they rode out on white horses, wearing Stetson cowboy hats.  The community businesses and residents enthusiastically supported that first Juneteenth celebration and it quickly become a much-anticipated date on the summer calendar.  Many people in the parade were proud and pleased to be involved in celebrating the freedom of African Americans in this country.

Today the historic San Francisco Juneteenth is one of the largest African American celebrations in California and its sole purpose is for historical awareness, building self-esteem with our youth, connecting organizations with the community and providing opportunity for African American vendors to market their business and showcase their craft.

The San Francisco Juneteenth Festival  Committee is committed  to continue the historical tradition of our ancestors by celebrating this holiday to nurture and facilitate the empowerment of our community through education, partnerships, and interaction with community resources that our committed to community enrichment.


San Francisco, CA (January, 2015) – The San Francisco Juneteenth Committee invites you to attend the 65th Annual SF Juneteenth festival and Honor Roll Celebration Parade. The Juneteenth festival will take place in the historic Fillmore District, Fillmore St. between Sutter & Turk Streets, on Saturday, June 13, 2015 from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Juneteenth Celebration activities include:
~3 stages of live musical performances from local artists.
~Parade and High School Honor Roll March with special appearances by Mayor Ed Lee and Board of Supervisors London Breed and Malia Cohen. Drill teams, horse groups, floats community organizations
~Health and Wellness Fair Free health screenings and healthy cooking demo’s by the Fit Farmer
~Technology Fair – Including a build your own APP contest
~Fashion Show by Mario B. Presents
~Classic Car and Motor Cycle show
~Arts & Crafts booths and a variety of food vendors
~Children’s activities including a Kids Zone with Live performances by Prescott Circus Theatre & Circus Bella, pony rides, a petting zoo, jumpers, carnival rides
This event is free and open to the public!



Save the date: May 9th, 2015 ~ Fondazione Prada

by Sara Nitti


On May 9th Fondazione Prada, Largo Isarco 3, Milano, will be open to the public from 10 am to 9pm.


Construction of Foundacione Prada

Construction of Fondazione Prada


Once a former distillery, in the industrial south section of Milan–8,900 square meters, it is now the home of the biggest, and arguably, this city’s most exciting contemporary art space. The new location for Fondazione Prada, back to Milano after 7 years, returning from its Venetian venue at Ca’Corner della Regina in Venezia.


Museum, cinema and torre are the three new structures added to the reclaimed site, photograph by bas princen, fondazione prada

Museum, Cinema and Torre are the three new structures added to the reclaimed site, Fondazione Prada combines seven industrial structures dating back to 1910, with three new buildings designed by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, photograph by Bas Prince, Fondazione Prada


The complex will house a cinema, library, museum and a large exhibition space, which constitutes more than half the compound’s overall 205,000 square footage, the city’s newest and largest gallery of contemporary art, the first permanent home open to the public.


Miuccia Prada stands outside her new Fondazione in Milan, Photograph by Mario Sorrenti

Miuccia Prada stands outside the new Fondazione in Milan, photograph by Mario Sorrenti


The venue is set to appeal to art aficionados of all persuasions. “This new opening is an act of responsibility towards present times,” said Mariuccia Prada.  She continued, “Fondazione Prada will not be a museum, but rather the continuation of an intellectual process founded on the exploration of doubt and on extensive research.”

The project of Rem Koolhaas blended the building’s original industrial character with several expansions, including an eight-story tower (still under construction) described as a monolithic sculptural mass which they hope will become “a new landmark in Milan’s urban landscape.”


The exterior has been covered in gold leaf, one small area at a time; the facade will reflect the rising and setting sun.

New York Times blog: “The exterior has been covered in gold leaf, one small area at a time; the facade will reflect the rising and setting sun.”


Ten buildings in total will be gallery spaces for the Fondazione Prada’s contemporary art collections, which are extensive, as well as a rotating series of specially commissioned exhibitions, including a cinema, a café, a library and other facilities.


At the heart of the compounds will sit the Haunted House, an intimate space which will house site-specific installations conceived by international artists.

Koolhaas declares, “The Foundation is not a preservation project nor a new architecture exercise. Two conditions that are usually kept separate here confront each other in a state of permanent interaction- offering an ensemble of fragments that will not resolve into a single vision, or allow any part to dominate the others. The complexity of the architecture will promote an unstable, open programming, where art and architecture will benefit from each others challenges.


Baldessari show, The Giacometti Variations is made up of nine facsimile of Giacometti's sculptures  It consists of a series of huge figures 15 feet tall, inspired by the imagination of the Swiss sculptor, which are clothed and outfitted with garments and objects designed by Baldessari himself, thus forming a hypothetical, though immobile, fashion show

The Giacometti Variations by Baldessari, consists of a series of huge figures 15 feet tall, inspired by the imagination of the Swiss sculptor, which are clothed and outfitted with garments and objects designed by Baldessari himself, thus forming a hypothetical, though immobile, fashion show


Astrid Welter, project director of Fondazione Prada, describes the projects as a pivotal moment in the organization’s history. “This is our transformation, our phase two of the Foundation,” she said. Continuing, “We have already become a platform for art exhibition and other disciplines like architecture, cinema and philosophy, and the new exhibition site in Milan will allow us to amplify all the activity which we have done so far on grander scale. It will ensure the Foundation will keep on investigating, with the help of various disciplines, useful and relevant for cultural discourse today.”

And then, for cinephiles everywhere: a bar designed “in the traditional Milan café style” by filmmaker Wes Anderson (Grand Budapest Hotel) who recreated a 1910 Milanese atmosphere in a bar open to the public from the street. He took ideas from the Vittorio Emmanuelle Galleria decorations in the centre of Milano. A truly epic urban space!


Waiters work in a bar designed by US film director Wes Anderson recreating the old Milan cafes' atmosphere in the new venue of Prada's Foundation

Waiters work in a bar designed by US film director Wes Anderson recreating the old Milan cafes’ atmosphere in the new venue of Prada’s Foundation


This should be a destination for many years to come. Very important is the kid’s area, designed by a group of students from the Ecole Nationale Superieure d’architecture de Versaille…and the programme for the next days, will include Roman Polanski who will explore the cinematographic inspirations behind his artistic vision… much to see, many events from May 9th throughout summer 2015.  Especially well timed opening to coincide with the World Expo 2015 in Milano.

Sara Nitti, Boulevardiers Guest Contributor resides in Milan,

and more Boulevardiers are going in July…we can’t wait!!



In the Studio: Photographs

by Kim Steele

Photograph by André Kertész, Satiric Dancer, Paris, 1926, Gelatin silver print, Private collection © Estate of André Kertész/Higher Pictures

Photograph by André Kertész, Satiric Dancer, Paris, 1926, Gelatin silver print, Private collection © Estate of André Kertész/Higher Pictures


An ambitious exhibition at the Gagosian Gallery on Madison Avenue, curated by Peter Galassi, rustles up many issues. As Roberta Smith quoted in the New York Times: “…trophy-curators. Clout is definitely on display here, contributing to that heady combination of overt excellence and subtle vulgarity that may be something of a Gagosian specialty.”

The exhibition includes nearly 150 photographs by over 50 artists—spanning from the origin of the medium to the late twentieth century. The curator is former Chief Curator of Photography at The Museum of Modern Art, New York.

The studio is a place of creativity and reverence throughout art history. It can become the subject, a participant or the background for painting and photography. Distinct are these applications, due to the historical positioning of these environs. Since the incipience of photography and due to the long exposures of early photography, a studio was mandatory to create the image and background. It created the milieu for the subject, as it did in many painting periods, from Flemish, Spanish to contemporary images by Lucian Freud and Francis Bacon. Gagosian has two exhibits concurrently, one of painting downtown are one of photography uptown, which I will review here.


Painting by Philip Guston, The Studio, 1969, Private collection © The Estate of Philip Guston

Painting by Philip Guston, The Studio, 1969, Private collection © The Estate of Philip Guston


This ‘studio’ element plays many roles. In the first section titled, “Pose and Persona,” artist that exhibit themselves or corpus, as exampled by the notorious Cindy Sherman who has made a career of ‘self-revelation.’ The press release makes proud mention of this: “The nudes and portraits assembled here are exemplary because they acknowledge the role of the setting, or accentuate the deliberateness of a pose, or highlight the purposeful enactment of a persona.” I believe here that painting is much more successful at this endeavor, especially (as shown in the downtown space) Philip Guston (complete with light bulbs and painting brushes), Alberto Giacometti and Alfred Stevens. There is a long, rich tradition of employing the studio in painting from still life to actually painting the easel, as employed by Goya in his familial paintings. Some of these photographers are much are more adroit in the field than the studio, especially the king of all ‘street shooters’ Lee Friedlander, as well and renown interpreters of street imagery, Brassai and Walker Evans. Photographers have created a genre of photographing artists in their studios, which has revealed much of their process.  The most famous was of Jackson Pollack “action” painting for Life Magazine. The portrait here of  Matisse is a prime example.


Photograph by Constantin Brancusi,  View of the studio: Plato, Mademoiselle Pogany II, and Golden Bird, c. 1920 Gelatin silver print, Private collection © 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris

Photograph by Constantin Brancusi,
View of the studio: Plato, Mademoiselle Pogany II, and Golden Bird, c. 1920
Gelatin silver print, Private collection
© 2014 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris


With Richard Avedon, the studio strips the subject bare to the essentials, especially using large format photography where details glare at the viewer. With another master Irving Penn, the background is a ‘stage’ of presentation of the model or the object. There is the further genre–where the studio is the actual subject, illustrated here by Brancusi’s images of his own studio, grouped here as the second section of images, “Four Studios.”


Photograph by Helmut Newton: Self Portrait with Wife and Models, Paris, 1981

Photograph by Helmut Newton: Self Portrait with Wife and Models, Paris, 1981


Another section, “Sittings” evoke the self. Lucas Samaras, whom this writer had the pleasure of reviewing in his New York Studio in the seventies, with his Polaroids of his twisted, deranged face glaring at the camera. This group is all about Self. Robert Mapplethorpe, whom I also reviewed during this period in his studio, projects their unique persona. Lynda Benglis and Helmut Newton execute the same indulgence. I find these too self-referential, too thin to hold my interest. Yes, shock of the seventies does have it’s place in art history, but they do not hold up against time; indulgent exercises in ego, like Vito Acconci’s performance pieces do–which I witnessed, including the loaded gun. That genre has gained serious traction in the indulgent work of Nan Golden and Sam Taylor-Johnson, the director of the recent film, Fifty Shades of Grey. This raises a deeper issue of studio as self. It must, in this reviewers mind, rise above a simple recording of “me.” Cindy Sherman succeeds this regard, it is indeed, of her–in her studio but the image is about much more.


Photograph by Henri Cartier-Bresson, Henri Matisse, 1944, Magnum Photos, Courtesy Foundation Henri Cartier

Photograph by Henri Cartier-Bresson, Henri Matisse, 1944, Magnum Photos, @ Foundation Henri Cartier-Bresson


The third section and final, “An Embarrassment of Images” include images shot from the artist studio. Josef Sudek’s views are lovely, as Smith phrases it, “photographs of photographs.” He has always been to Romantic for my taste but I appreciate his sensitivity to light and form. More compelling would have been Henri Cartier-Bresson’s images of Henri Matisse in his studio. These harken back to a more formidable concern of structure, introduced by the Constructivist Alexander Rodchenko.



Photograph by Alexander Rodchenko, The Critic, Osip Brik, 1924


Parenthetically, the extremely moving and inspiring work of the genius, William Kentridge, which this reviewer had the honor of viewing at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, a few years back, consolidates this purpose of these two exhibitions, at the downtown gallery. He both is the artist viewing and employing his studio in his work, both in his films and paintings.


Artist William Kentridge at CCC Garage

Artist William Kentridge at CCC Garage


Disclaimer:  Due to some restrictions on the use of photographs, not all the images in this review are found in the exhibition, but intended to be illustrative of my opinion.


Photograph byFlorence Henri, Self Portrait, 1928

Photograph by Florence Henri, Self Portrait, 1928






“I would rather sleep in a bathroom than in another hotel.” Billy Wilder

March 8, 2015


    Just In Case The Raphael is Booked                                                      …by Jerry Bowles                                                                         There is nothing quite as deliciously self-indulgent or decadent as a great hotel. Hemingway wasn’t whistling Dixie when he said “Whenever I dream of afterlife in Heaven, the action always takes place at the Paris Ritz.” Papa loved the […]

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William Randolph Hearst ~ Boulevardier of the Year

January 18, 2015


~~~~~~     WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST Don’t be afraid to make a mistake, your readers might like it. ~WRH   One of the most telling descriptions, for better or worse, is the fact that his Senator father, George Hearst, willed his entire fortune upon his death in 1895 to his wife, Phoebe, stating that his […]

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How to be Successful in the Arts 101… Shear Madness

December 31, 2014


    “I’ll never forget my first words in the theatre. Peanuts. Popcorn.” Henny Youngman     What happens when 2 actors from upstate New York decide to pursue their dreams, buy the rights to a murder-mystery written in German, by Swiss playwright Paul Portner for $50,000, turn it into a comedy, and spend another […]

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Boulevardiering — the verb

December 12, 2014


  The Boulevardiers are proud of and bemused by the mileage and velocity we are encouraging via our use of the term Boulevardiering (our Twitter name). We are Boulevardiers, indeed Chesterfieldian, flâneurs, fops, walking-stick nuts, so are most of our friends, and garnering that curiosity and energy is the reason we started this publication over […]

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Arnold Newman – Master Class in Portraiture

November 25, 2014

Arnold Newman, Sir Cecil Beaton, photographer and designer, Broadchalke, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, 1978.

Photography of Photographers   Portraiture is about revelations.  Either for the subject or the artist.  So often in painting, El Greco, or Singer Sargent – exemplified by his most famous portrait, Madam X, the subject is somewhat incidental, especially out of the cultural context of the era.  But in photography, the subject is paramount.  Some […]

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The Era of AREA ~ New York’s most revered club

October 31, 2014

AREA partygoers, from Photos from Area--1983-1987, by Eric Goode and Jennifer Goode, Abrams Books, photograph by

In 1983 a nightclub opened in Manhattan unlike any before it. Minimally named “AREA,” the club would set a new precedent not only in the nightlife world, but also in the art world. More precisely, during its relatively short reign from 1983-1987, AREA represented a heady commingling of these two worlds. While its chronological precedent […]

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